• Every cell in our body contains DNA. DNA is a set of instructions that tells our cells how to build protein.  A strand of DNA looks like a ladder. The rungs of this ladder are made up of bases. Each rung is a pair of two bases that are bonded together in the middle. The four bases used in DNA are Cytosine, Guanine, Adenine, and Thymine and are paired together in a specific way: Adenine with Thymine, and Guanine with Cytosine. The order that these base pairs occur in determines the type of protein built. Protein is made up of amino acids. The order of these amino acids determines the type of protein built. It is the order of the DNA bases that tell cells the order to place amino acids. It takes three DNA bases to pair for one amino acid. This series of three bases is called a codon because it codes for which type of amino acid to be used.
  • Unguided and random processes can’t produce cellar complexity.
  • Human cells contain incredibly complex and efficient machine technology.  Machine technology that error checks, decodes and, repairs our DNA. The entire cell can be viewed journal cell is an elaborate factory that contains an elaborate network of  interlocking assembly lines.  These lines are composed of a large set of protein machines.
What is Evolution? Produces biological diversity - DNA sequence variation - Bacteria - Flowering plants - Sexual selection in birds - Human species BIOL ppt download
  • Evolutionary genetics is the broad field of studies that resulted from the integration of genetics and Darwinian evolutioncalled the ‘modern synthesis’ (Huxley 1942), achieved through the theoretical works of R. A. Fisher, S. … The force of mutation is the ultimate source of new genetic variation within populations.Jan 14, 2005
  • Evolutionary genetics is the study of how genetic variation leads to evolutionary change. It includes topics such as the evolution of genome structure, the genetic basis of speciation and adaptation, and genetic change in response to selection within populations.
  • Modern synthesis (20th century) - Wikipedia
Evolution beyond neo-Darwinism: a new conceptual framework | Journal of Experimental Biology
  • The problem is that evolutionary processes  can’t produce sourced information.  The information source code lies outside of evolution.  A fundamental incompleteness in the physical causality ability to produce the required information has been verified.  Evolution can’t write its own code, it is that simple.  Evolutionary informatics has validated that conclusion.  
  • Genetic mutations cause harm and do not build complexity.  Random mutations that are selected by a blind, unguided process of natural selection that has no goals will not accomplish a genetic build out.  Such a random and undirected process tends to harm organisms and does not improve them or build functional complexity.
  • Genetic information is stored in the sequence of bases along a nucleic acid chain. The bases have an additional special property: they form specific pairs with one another that are stabilized by hydrogen bonds. The base pairing results in the formation of a double helix, a helical structure consisting of two strands.
  • The genetic information of an organism is stored in DNA molecules.
  • The journey from gene to protein is complex and tightly controlled within each cell. … Together, transcription and translation are known as gene expression. During the process of transcription, the information stored in a gene’s DNA is transferred to a similar molecule called RNA (ribonucleic acid) in the cell nucleus.
  • Every cell in our body contains DNA. DNA is a set of instructions that tells our cells how to build protein.  A strand of DNA looks like a ladder. The rungs of this ladder are made up of bases.
  • VERN BENDER    VERN BENDER