he Higgs boson responsible for mass. When two protons collide within the LHC, it is their constituent quarks and gluons that interact with one another. These high-energy interactions can, through well-predicted quantum effects, produce a Higgs boson, which would immediately transform/decay into lighter particles. The Higgs boson is the fundamental force-carrying particle of the Higgs field, which is responsible for granting other particles their mass. The more strongly a particle interacts with the Higgs field, the more massive it is. It’s important to note, however, that most of the mass in composite particles, like protons, nuclei, and atoms, does not come from the Higgs mechanism, but from the binding energy that holds these particles together.
Quantum Field Theory is Incomplete. It is an incredibly complicated and problematic theory. The mathematics we’re dealing with is not on a rigorous footing. In quantum field theory, the objects defined at each point are more complicated than vectors or numbers. We are left with holes in the theory’s math. We think space and time are continuous, so you get an infinity going inwards. A mathematical theorem forbids you from writing down a discrete version of specific quantum field theories. You cannot discretize the Standard Model in quantum field theories. It also determines that we are not living in a matrix.
What happens reflected in a mirror is different from what happens in reality. That parity violation is impossible to simulate accurately. Electrons and quarks split into two other particles. They become left-handed and right-handed. The particles go left more often than the antiparticles go right. Charge particle/antiparticle and parity (left/right) should be balanced, but they aren’t. Beta decay is when a neutron spontaneously decays into a proton, an electron, and an antineutrino.
We are made of cells. And cells are made of molecules, and molecules are made of atoms. Atoms are composed of electrons and quarks. Electrons and quarks are the building blocks of matter at the classic level of physics. Atoms repose on quantum fields that are made of fluid-like substances. The particles on these quantum fields, at times, act as waves. The particles/waves are just ripples of the field. The fields interact with one another. You have first to discretize before you can simulate. Every field point is considered an independent variable described by a suitable Lagrangian and subject to canonical commutation relations. There’s one field for each type of particle. These fields exist everywhere. Some fields require more energy than others to create a particle. It’s different from quantum mechanics because it allows particles to be created and destroyed. Every object is not a particle or a wave but a field. The Higgs field has zero frequency of undisturbed space. It is the basis of all other disturbed spaces or fields. There are no particles and no waves, only something with properties of both.
You need to give the field energy to extract a particle from a field. If you give it enough energy, the field will go to a higher energy state. These states are what we interpret as particles.
The Higgs field, whose quantum manifestation is the Higgs boson. The Higgs boson is the fundamental particle associated with the Higgs field. This field gives mass to other fundamental particles, such as electrons and quarks. A particle’s mass determines how much it resists changing its speed or position when it encounters a force.
The Higgs boson field ties everything together. The Higgs Boson field gives mass to all the other particles. The Higgs field covers the universe. If the Higgs field is turned off, the electron will move at the speed of light. Neutrons and protons would not be affected because they get their mass from another mechanism. There are many hundreds of quarks and antiquarks and gluons inside a proton. There are three more quarks than there are antiquarks at any given time. These quark-antiquark pairs virtual particles. They pop out of the vacuum and pop back in again inside the proton.